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2×3 Lumber Actual Size

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So the nominal size of the lumber is 100mm x 50mm 2×4 but the actual size is 90×45 1 12 x 3 12. Something doesnt quite match up.

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The tables below provide both the nominal and actual sizes so many common north american lumber sizes.

2×3 lumber actual size. And this is true for most of the lumber you buy the actual dimensions will be reduced from the nominal dimension by which the lumber is classified. Every stud meets the highest grading standards for strength and appearance. When the inch symbol is used is lumber measurements it indicates that you are referring to the actual size.

Subtract 14 inch for dimensions under 2 inches 51 mm subtract 12 inch for dimensions under 8 inches 200 mm subtract 34 inch for larger dimensions. However there is a difference between the nominal size what the lumber is referred to and the actual size. If you can stop someone in the store to help explain the inconsistency theyll start throwing around a few words like nominal sizes and actual sizes and softwood lumber and hardwood lumber.

Measure the actual width and thickness of a pine board like a 2×4 and then look at the sign above the rack. Dry lumber that has been seasoned or dried to a moisture content 19 or less and green lumber has a moisture content of greater than 19. Usually there is 12 inch difference in measurements over 2 inches and 14 inch in measurements less than 2 inches.

1 x 1 34 x 34 1 x 2 34 x 1 12 1 x 3. Actual board sizes in inches nominal size. Framing studs are ideal for a wide range of uses from framing of houses to basic interior structural applications.

Thus the nominal size of the lumber you purchase is different from the actual size. 2x4s are not actually 2 inches by 4 inches. Dimensional lumber is cut to a specific length width and depth.

Here are the common sizes of lumber and their actual sizes. Rough lumber cannot be less than than 18 32mm thicker or wider than the nominal finished thickness or width except that 20 of a shipment cannot be less than 232 24mm thicker or wider. Lumber can be primed and painted or sealed and stained.

For example a 2×4 is actually 1 12 by 3 12 in size while a 1×6 board when measured proves to be only 34 x 5 12 in actual size. Commercial standard lumber sizes table chart. If you pop along to the local lumber store and ask for a length of 100×50 2×4 lumber that is surfaceddressed on all sides s4s the actual finished size will be approximately 90×45 1 12 x 3 12.

When the board is first rough sawn from the log it is a true 2×4 but the drying process and planing of the board reduce it to the finished 15×35 size. Commercial lumber dimensions american softwood lumber standards nominal and actual sizes are indicated in the table below.

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